More than 31 million jobs in European Union are related with exports of the countries of the union to third countries such as China and the USA, says the newest report of the European Commission. This means that the work of one of seven workers in the EU is linked to exports.
Overall, the data show that exports to third countries does not create jobs for highly educated Europeans. The largest proportion of jobs related to exports of highly educated experts is reported in Ireland, where the value is 42%. In major European economies, the rate is about 30%. Most working for export outside the EU have secondary education.
Primary exports avail the services sector in the European Union.
The largest number of jobs associated with exports are monitored in Germany (6.2 million employees), Italy (2.7 million employees) and France (2.2 million employees).
In Bulgaria about 563,000 jobs are related with exports outside the European Union. In addition, another 80,000 Bulgarian are working abroad in the community, and their position is related to exports outside the EU. This means that one in every five employee in Bulgaria is linked to exports. Bulgarian exports creates 23,000 jobs elsewhere in the community, showed the data of European Commission. About 54% of the jobs associated with exports to Bulgaria are in the service sector, 21% are in mining and agriculture and 6% are in the sector of textile industry. Data from the European Commission shows that the country’s exports mainly support jobs that require less education – 75% of employees. Highly educated are only 8% of Bulgarian workers in export.
The situation in Romania is similar, as 74% of export workers are low educated. About 1.2 million jobs, which are related with exports of the country outside the EU. An additional 181,000 Romanians are working abroad in the community, but their work is related to exports to third countries.
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